Did you know that the transmission is no longer a simple mechanical part? It's highly computerized now. The transmission comes with a computer that helps it perform much more reliably. This part is called the transmission control module (TCM).
A TCM is a device that controls the operation of an automatic transmission in a vehicle. It is sometimes referred to as the "transmission computer" due to its function and similarity with computers.
The TCM is usually located somewhere on the transmission, near the engine control module. For example, in a Mazda3, you can find the TCM on top of the transmission, underneath the battery tray.
TCMs Are Called Many Different Things
Many manufacturers produce their own TCM, and all have come up with their own naming conventions. A few examples:
- Mazda calls them Transmission Control Modules
- General Motors calls them Transmission Controllers
- Nissan refers to them as Transmission Control Units
- Toyota refers to them as Power Train Control Modules
What Does The Transmission Control Module Do?
The TCM serves several important purposes. It:
- Adjusts shift timing
- Monitors important sensor data from other systems such as ignition or emission control
- Communicates with other control modules in the vehicle such as the engine control module
- Generates shift schedules to maximize fuel efficiency
- Controls transmission solenoid valves
The TCM receives information from various sensors about the function of the car at the moment. It uses that information to decide what gear to select. For example, the TCM monitors acceleration and speed. It responds by selecting the appropriate gears for fuel economy or performance purposes. The TCM also monitors several other sensors and adjusts transmission shifting to maximize efficiency.
What Happens When A TCM Fails
Image Credit: UpFix
If your Mazda's TCM fails, the automatic will no longer work right. For example, it will no longer be able to shift correctly, or even at all. In many cases, the vehicle will be stuck at one speed.
Signs of a failed TCM include:
- Transmission hesitating between shift
- Loss of power when accelerating
- Poor fuel economy
- Engine shuddering or stalling while driving
It can be easy to replace your TCM, depending on which Mazda you have. Often times, the hardest part is finding the right TCM for your particular transmission. It doesn't always have to be difficult, though. All you have to do is look up your Mazda model in our catalog of genuine OEM Transmission Control Modules
Please contact us if you need help finding the right TCM for your Mazda, or if you have any questions about your Mazda's automatic or manual transmission.